12 Tribes of Israel

Objectives:
After reading this report the reader should understand the following;

1.

That God gave Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, a promise that in their seed (Christ), the Nations would be blessed;

2.

That Christ is the seed of Abraham;

3.

That the followers of Christ are from all Nations: They are the people of God/the children of the promise/the Israelites (this is the fulfillment of God’s Promise to Abraham);

4.

That no man is justified by the works of the law (the Laws of Moses) in the sight of God;

5.

That God predestinated the Children of the Promise, unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ (the purpose of God according to election/the will of God);

6.

That the children of the flesh (ALL who reject Christ) are not the children of God;

7.

That God is going to make his power known in the earth, show his wrath towards those who reject Christ, and show mercy to the Children of the Promise;

8.

That during the time period of Christ and his disciples (The New Testament), God according to the election of grace, reserved to himself a remnant of Israelites who understood, and believed in Christ, and the rest of the Israelites were blinded;

9.

That because of the Israelites’ unbelief toward Christ, salvation was sent to the Nations/Gentiles to provoke Israel to jealousy;

10.

That the unbelieving Israelites/children of the flesh were graffed out of the nation of Israel and the believing Gentiles (nations) were graffed into the nation of Israel;

11.

That a remnant of the blinded Israelites will return, and be saved when Christ returns.

Mystery of the Kingdom of Heaven

Christ The Seed Of Abraham



Message to reader: Jesus Christ the Savior of the World

The Heavenly Father made a promise to Abraham that he would be “the father of many nations” and All Nations would be blessed in his seed, see Genesis 17:4-5. The seed of Abraham is Christ (Galatians 3:16)! The Heavenly Father’s also reaffirmed the aforementioned promise to Abraham’s son, and grandson; Isaac, and Jacob, see Genesis 26:1-5 and Genesis 28:10-14. The aforementioned promise (All Nations would be blessed in his seed/Jesus Christ) was a mystery that was revealed during the time period of Christ and his Disciples. It should be noted that the aforementioned promise of Christ, was four hundred and thirty years before the Levitical Laws were given to Moses. The aforementioned promise from God is above the Laws of Moses! God’s children were kept under the Levitical Laws (the schoolmaster) until Christ came. 

In the book of Galatians, the Church/followers of Christ left the faith (Christ) and returned to the Laws of Moses. Paul explained the aforementioned promise from God, to Abraham, and told them to repent and return back to Christ. 




Galatians 3:1: "O foolish Galatians,” [The believers in the churches in Galatia] “who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth,” [The word of God, see John 8:40, John 17:1, 8, 17 and 1 Thessalonians 2:13] “before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you?"

Galatians 3:2: "This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit" [The gift of the Holy Ghost] "by the works of the law,” [The covenant of Moses] “or by the hearing of faith?" See Acts 10:34-36, 44-46.

Galatians 3:3: "Are ye" [The believers in the churches in Galatia] "so foolish? having begun in the Spirit,” [See Acts 10:45] “are ye now made perfect by the flesh?" The works of the law/covenant of Moses.

Galatians 3:4: "Have ye, suffered so many things in vain? if it be yet in vain."

Galatians 3:5: "He therefore that ministereth to you, the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you," [In the churches in Galatia] "doeth he it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?"

Galatians 3:6: "Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness."

Galatians 3:7: "Know ye therefore that they" [Those in the churches of Galatia] "which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham."

Galatians 3:8: "And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen [The Gentiles] “through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed." See Genesis 12:1-3.

Galatians 3:9: "So then they" [All nations] "which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham."

Galatians 3:10: "For as many as are of the works of the law" [The laws of Moses] "are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them." See Deuteronomy 27:26.

Galatians 3:11: "But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith." Jesus Christ.

Galatians 3:12: "And the law" [The laws of Moses] "is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them" [Keeps the laws of Moses] "shall live in them." The curse (see verse 10: “For as many as are of the works of the law” [The laws of Moses] “are under the curse…” death).

Galatians 3:13: "Christ hath redeemed us" [Those which be of faith] "from the curse of the law," [Sin and death, see Romans 5:12, 20] "being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:" See Deuteronomy 21:22-23.

Galatians 3:14: "That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles” [All nations] “through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit” [The gift of the Holy Ghost] “through faith." See John 1:29-33, John 16:7-11 and John 14:26.

Galatians 3:15: "Brethren, I” [Paul] “speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man's” [Abraham’s] “covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto."

Galatians 3:16: "Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He” [God] “saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ."

Galatians 3:17: "And this I” [Paul] “say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law,” [The laws of Moses] “which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise” [God’s promise to Abraham (verse 16)] “of none effect."

Galatians 3:18: "For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise." See Genesis 12:1, 3.

Galatians 3:19: "Wherefore then serveth the law?" [The laws of Moses] "It was added because of transgressions," [See Romans 5:20] "till the seed [Christ] “should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator." Moses, see Deuteronomy 18:18.

Galatians 3:20: "Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one."

Galatians 3:21: "Is the law" [The laws of Moses] "then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law."

Galatians 3:22: "But the scripture hath concluded all under sin," [See Romans 5:12] "that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe."

Galatians 3:23: "But before faith came, we were kept under the law," [See Deuteronomy 29:10-15 and Leviticus 24:22] "shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed."

Galatians 3:24: "Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith."

Galatians 3:25: "But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster." The laws of Moses.

Galatians 3:26: "For ye” [The believers in the churches of Galatia] “are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus."

Galatians 3:27: "For as many of you as have been baptized" [Receive the Holy Ghost, see Acts 11:16 and 1 Corinthians 12:13] "into Christ have put on Christ."

Galatians 3:28: "There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus."

Galatians 3:29: "And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise." See Verse 16, Romans 4:13 and Romans 8:17.




Romans 4:1: "What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found?"

Romans 4:2: "For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God."

Romans 4:3: "For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness."

Romans 4:4: "Now to him that worketh” [Keepeth the laws of Moses] “is the reward not reckoned” [Esteemed] “of grace, but of debt." See Romans 3:20.

Romans 4:5: "But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness." See Romans 3:21-26.

Romans 4:6: "Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works,"

Romans 4:7: "Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered."

Romans 4:8: "Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin."

Romans 4:9: "Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision [Jews] “only, or upon the uncircumcision [The Gentiles/other nations] “also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness."

Romans 4:10: "How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision."

Romans 4:11: "And he” [Abraham] “received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he” [Abraham] “might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised;” [The Gentiles/other nations] “that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:"

Romans 4:12: "And the father of circumcision to them” [The Gentiles/other nations] “who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised."

Romans 4:13: "For the promise, that he” [Abraham] “should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed," [Christ, see Galatians 3:16] "through the law,” [The laws of Moses] “but through the righteousness of faith." See Ecclesiasticus 44:19-22.

Romans 4:14: "For if they" [The Jews] "which are of the law” [The laws of Moses] “be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise" [From God to Abraham] "made of none effect:"

Romans 4:15: "Because the law worketh wrath:” [See Galatians 3:10, 12] “for where no law is, there is no transgression." See Romans 10:4.

Romans 4:16: "Therefore it is of faith," [See Galatians 3:11] "that it might be by grace;" [See Ephesians 2:8 and 2 Timothy 1:9] "to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed;" [See Galatians 3:29 and Romans 8:17] "not to that” [The believing Jews] “only which is of the law, but to that” [The believing Gentiles] “also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all," See Galatians 3:16, 22, 26-29.

Romans 4:17: "(As it is written, I” [God] “have made thee” [Abraham] “a father of many nations,) before him” [God] “whom he” [Abraham] “believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were."

Romans 4:18: "Who against hope believed in hope, that he” [Abraham] “might become the father of many nations; according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed" [Jesus Christ] "be."

Romans 4:19: "And being not weak in faith, he” [Abraham] “considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sara's womb:"

Romans 4:20: "He” [Abraham] “staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God;"

Romans 4:21: "And being fully persuaded that, what he” [God] “had promised, he was able also to perform."

Romans 4:22: "And therefore it was imputed to him” [Abraham] “for righteousness."

Romans 4:23: "Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him;"

Romans 4:24: "But for us” [The followers of Christ, both Jews and Gentiles] “also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him” [God] “that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;"

Romans 4:25: "Who was delivered for our” [The believing Jews and Gentiles] “offences, and was raised again for our justification." See Romans 5:8-12, 18-21.


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Christ The Son Of God/Mediator



Galatians 4:1: "Now I” [Paul] “say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all;"

Galatians 4:2: "But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father."

Galatians 4:3: "Even so we,” [The followers of Christ] “when we were children,” [The time period before the Heavenly Father sent Christ] “were in bondage under the elements of the world:" Death and sin, see Romans 5:12.

Galatians 4:4: "But when the fulness of the time was come,” [See Genesis 49:10 and Mark 1:14-15] “God sent forth his Son,” [See Matthew 3:16-17 and Acts 13:32-34] “made of a woman,” [See Isaiah 7:14 and Luke 1:26-35] “made under the law," Made according to the word of God, see Matthew 5:17-18, Isaiah 34:16 and Isaiah 55:10-11. Note: The word “law” is sometime used to refer to the laws of Moses, example Galatians 3:17, and the word of God, example Galatians 4:21-22 and John 10:34.

Galatians 4:5: "To redeem them that were under the law,” [Death and sin, see Romans 5:12] “that we” [The followers of Christ both Jews and Gentiles] “might receive the adoption of sons."

Galatians 4:6: "And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father."

Galatians 4:7: "Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ." See Romans 8:15-17.




Romans 8:28: "And we” [The followers of Christ] “know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose." See John 6:38-39, 65.

Romans 8:29: "For whom he” [God] “did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren."

Romans 8:30: "Moreover whom he" [God] "did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified." See Ephesians 1:4-14 and Revelation 14:1, 4.

Romans 8:31: "What shall we” [The followers of Christ/144,000] “then say to these things? If God be for us, who can be against us?"

Romans 8:32: "He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?" See Revelation 20:4-6 and Revelation 21:1-4.

Romans 8:33: "Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect?” [The followers of Christ/144,000] “It is God that justifieth." See Romans 5:1-2 and Romans 3:23-26.

Romans 8:34: "Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us." See Isaiah 53:12.


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The Purpose Of God According To Election



Message to reader: The Purpose of God According to Election

In Romans chapters 9-11, Paul, through the Holy Ghost, explains the purpose of God according to election; that the believing Jews and Gentiles were chosen before the foundation of the world, and they were predestined to be his children through Christ. When reading Paul’s letters, keep in mind that Paul wrote things hard to be understood by those who were not in Christ and/or those unstable in Christ, see 2 Peter 3:14-16.

Romans chapter 9 is broken down as follows:

Verses 1-8: The unbelieving Israelites are not the children of God;
Verses 9-18: The purpose of God according to election, the children of the promise
    were chosen by God before the foundation of the world;
Verses 19-23: God’s power, wrath and mercy;
Verses 24-29: Paul explains that the believing Jews and the believing Gentiles are
    the people of God through faith;
Verses 30-33: Christ a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense.



Romans 9:1: "I” [Paul] “say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost," See John 14:26 and 1 John 2:27.

Romans 9:2: "That I” [Paul] “have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart."

Romans 9:3: "For I” [Paul] “could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh:" (The unbelieving Israelites)

Romans 9:4: "Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises;"

Romans 9:5: "Whose are the fathers," [Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, see Genesis 17:5-7, Genesis 22:15-18, Genesis 26:1-5 and Genesis 28:10-14] "and of whom as concerning the flesh” [All Nations!] “Christ came,” [See Genesis 22:15-18 and Galatians 3:16] “who” [Christ] “is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen."



Message to the reader: The Children of God / The Word of Promise

The children of God/the children of the promise, is explained below in Romans 9:6-13; the aforementioned children is the fulfillment of God’s promise to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (the forefathers), concerning Christ (“the seed”); and that all nations will be blessed in him (Christ) unto the adoption of children, by faith, in believing God’s promise to the forefathers. The aforementioned promise of Christ/the seed was made before the laws of Moses, see Galatians 3:16-18, and is the power of salvation, see Acts 4:10-12, Romans 1:16, 1 Thessalonians 5:9, and Hebrews 9:28.

Paul explains, in Galatians 4:21-31, that God’s promise to Abraham concerning his heir, and the events involving Hagar, Ishmael, Sarah and Isaac is an allegory (spiritual meaning) concerning the two covenants; the laws of Moses which gendereth to bondage/death from Adam, and the promise of Christ which gendereth to eternal life.

Galatians 4:21: “Tell me,” [Paul] “ye” [Those in the churches of Galatia] “that desire to be under the law,” [The covenant of Moses] “do ye not hear the law?” The scriptures.

Galatians 4:22: “For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one” [Ishmael] “by a bondmaid,” [Hagar/Agar] “the other” [Isaac] “by a freewoman.” Sarah.

Galatians 4:23: “But he” [Ishmael] “who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh;" [See Genesis 16:1-4, 15] "but he” [Isaac] “of the freewoman was by promise.” See Genesis 15:2-4, Genesis 17:19 and Genesis 21:1-3.

Galatians 4:24: “Which things are an allegory:” [Spiritual meaning] “for these” [The bondwoman/Ishmael born after the flesh and the freewoman/Isaac born by the promise] “are the two covenants;" [Death from Adam and Life from Christ] "the one from the mount Sinai," [The covenant of Moses, see Romans 5:20] "which gendereth to bondage," [Death from Adam, see Romans 5:12] "which is Agar.”

Galatians 4:25: “For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to" [Or corresponds to the present] "Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage" [Under sin and death from Adam] "with her children." The unbelieving Jews, see Romans 9:31-32 and Galatians 3:11.

Galatians 4:26: “But Jerusalem which is above" [Heavenly Jerusalem, see Revelation 21:2, 9-10 (The covenant of Life from Christ)] "is free," [From death and sin, see Romans 5:18-21] "which is the mother of us all." The followers of Christ, see Isaiah 53:10-12 and John 14:1-4.

Galatians 4:27: “For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not:" [Those born again in Christ, see John 3:3-5, John 16:5-10, Mark 16:14-15 and Acts 2:38] "for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband." See Isaiah 54:1-2.

Galatians 4:28: “Now we, brethren," [The followers of Christ] "as Isaac was, are the children of promise.” See Galatians 3:16, 29, Romans 8:17 and Romans 9:8.

Galatians 4:29: “But as then he” [Ishmael] “that was born after the flesh persecuted him” [Isaac] “that was born after the Spirit" [See Genesis 21:9] "even so it is now.” See 1 Thessalonians 2:1-5, 10-16.

Galatians 4:30: “Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman” [Hagar/Agar, see verse 25] “and her son:" [The unbelieving Jews who follow the laws of Moses] "for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman.” See Genesis 21:10-12.

Galatians 4:31: “So then, brethren," [Those who continue to follow Christ] "we are not children of the bondwoman,” [See Galatians 3:23-25] “but of the free.” See Galatians 3:16, 29 and Romans 8:17.



Romans 9:6: "Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect.” [See Romans 3:3-4 and Romans 9:31-33] “For they” [The Israelites] “are not all Israel, which are of Israel:" (Explained in verse 8)

Romans 9:7: "Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children:" [See Galatians 4:22] "but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called."



Message to the reader: The Israelites According to the Flesh

As explained in verses 6, 7 and 8, the Israelites (the tribes of Judah, Ephraim, Napthali, Asher, Benjamin, Zebulon, Issachar, Manasseh, Levi, Simeon, Reuben, Gad and Dan) who did not accept Christ were cast out, they are the children of the flesh. The aforementioned casting out will be explained below in Romans chapter 11.



Romans 9:8: "That is, They which are the children of the flesh," [Everyone who are not in Christ, see verse 3 and Galatians 4:23] "these are not the children of God:" [See Galatians 4:30] "but the children of the promise are counted for the seed." See Galatians 3:16-18, 26, 29 and Galatians 4:31.



Message to the reader: The Children of the Promise

The children of the promise are the believers/followers of Christ. The aforementioned believers are people from all nations, they are the children of God/the Israelites (Judah, Asher, Simeon, Zebulun, Reuben, Naphtali, Levi, Joseph, Gad, Manasseh, Issachar and Benjamin), see Revelation 7:4-8. The graffing in, and casting out, will be explained below in Romans chapter 11.



Romans 9:9: "For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sara shall have a son." See Genesis 17:21 and Galatians 4:28, 30-31.

Romans 9:10: "And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac;"

Romans 9:11: "(For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;)" See Genesis 25:21-22.

Romans 9:12: "It was said unto her,” [Rebecca] “The elder shall serve the younger." See Genesis 25:23-26.

Romans 9:13: "As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated." See Malachi 1:2-3.

Romans 9:14: "What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid."

Romans 9:15: "For he" [God] "saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion." See Exodus 33:12, 16, 19.

Romans 9:16: "So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy." See verse 23.

Romans 9:17: "For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose” [The purpose of God according to election, see Genesis 15:13-16] “have I” [God] “raised thee" [Pharaoh] "up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth." See Exodus 7:1-5.

Romans 9:18: "Therefore hath he” [God] “mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth."

Romans 9:19: "Thou wilt say then unto me,” [Paul] “Why doth he” [God] “yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will?"

Romans 9:20: "Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus?"

Romans 9:21: "Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?"

Romans 9:22: "What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction:" See Malachi 4:1, 2 Peter 3:3,7 and Romans 1:18.

Romans 9:23: "And that he” [God] “might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory," See Ephesians 1:1-13.



The Believing Jews And Gentiles Are The Children Of Promise By Faith


Romans 9:24: "Even us,” [The believers of all nations] “whom he” [God] “hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?" See John 10:14-16, 27-29, Romans 3:19-23 and Romans 11:29-32.

Romans 9:25: "As he” [God] “saith also in Osee," [Hosea] "I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved."

Romans 9:26: "And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God." See 1 Peter 2:9-10.

Romans 9:27: "Esaias" [Isaiah] "also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved:" Explained below in the message to the reader.

Romans 9:28: "For he” [God] “will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth." Explained below.



Message to reader: A Short Work - A Remnant Shall Be Saved

Isaiah 10:16: "Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness;” [See Ezekiel 34:1-2, 10, 16 and Matthew 21:42-45] “and under his glory he shall kindle a burning like the burning of a fire." See Revelation 1:7, Matthew 24:29-30, 2 Esdras 13:1-4, 25-30 and Revelation 19:11-15.

Isaiah 10:17: "And the light of Israel shall be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame: and it shall burn and devour his thorns and his briers in one day;"

Isaiah 10:18: "And shall consume the glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field, both soul and body: and they shall be as when a standardbearer fainteth." See 2 Esdras 15:34, 37, 40-42.

Isaiah 10:19: "And the rest of the trees of his forest shall be few, that a child may write them."

Isaiah 10:20: "And it shall come to pass in that day,” [The Day of the Lord] “that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but shall stay upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth." See Romans 11:26-27 and Isaiah 59:17-21.

Isaiah 10:21: "The remnant shall return, even the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God."

Isaiah 10:22: "For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness."

Isaiah 10:23: "For the Lord GOD of hosts shall make a consumption, even determined, in the midst of all the land." The Day of the Lord, see Message to reader: The Day of the Lord.



Romans 9:29: "And as Esaias" [Isaiah] "said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha." See Isaiah 1:9, Isaiah 13:19-22, and Revelation 18:1-2, 9-10.



Christ A Stone Of Stumbling And A Rock Of Offense


Romans 9:30: "What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness,” [The laws of Moses] “have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith." Christ, see Romans 3:21-22 and 1 Peter 2:4-7.

Romans 9:31: "But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness,” [The laws of Moses] “hath not attained to the law of righteousness." Christ, see Romans 3:20-22 and Galatians 3:10-12.

Romans 9:32: "Wherefore? Because they” [The unbelieving Israelites/the children of the flesh] “sought it” [The righteous of God] “not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law.” [The laws of Moses] “For they” [The unbelieving Israelites/the children of the flesh] “stumbled at that stumblingstone;" Christ.

Romans 9:33: "As it is written, Behold, I” [God] “lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him” [Christ] “shall not be ashamed." See Isaiah 28:16-17 and 1 Peter 2:6.


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The Righteousness Of God (Christ)


Romans 10:1: "Brethren," [The believers in Christ] "my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel” [The unbelieving Israelites/the children of the flesh, see Romans 9:3-4, 6, 8] “is, that they might be saved."

Romans 10:2: "For I” [Paul] “bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge." See John 16:1-3.

Romans 10:3: "For they” [The unbelieving Israelites/the children of the flesh] “being ignorant of God's righteousness,” [Christ, see Romans 3:21-22] “and going about to establish their own righteousness," [See Acts 4:1-7, 18, Acts 5:12, 16-18, 27-29, 40 and 1 Thessalonians 2:14-16] "have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God." Christ!

Romans 10:4: "For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth." See Galatians 3:24-25.

Romans 10:5: "For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them." See Leviticus 18:5 and Galatians 3:10-12.

Romans 10:6: "But the righteousness which is of faith” [Christ] “speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:)"

Romans 10:7: "Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.)"

Romans 10:8: "But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart:” [See Deuteronomy 30:12-14] “that is, the word of faith, which we" [The preachers] "preach;" See verse 15.

Romans 10:9: "That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him" [The Lord Jesus] "from the dead, thou shalt be saved."

Romans 10:10: "For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation." See 1 Corinthians 12:3.

Romans 10:11: "For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth” [Everyone that believeth both Jews and Gentiles] “on him” [The Lord Jesus] “shall not be ashamed." See Isaiah 28:16-17 and 1 Peter 2:6.

Romans 10:12: "For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek:” [See Romans 3:22-23, 28-30] “for the same Lord” [Jesus] “over all is rich unto all that call upon him."

Romans 10:13: "For whosoever” [Jews and Gentiles] “shall call upon the name of the Lord” [Jesus Christ] “shall be saved."

Romans 10:14: "How then shall they call on him” [Jesus Christ] “in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him” [Jesus Christ] “of whom they have not heard? and how shall they" [Both Jews and Gentiles] "hear without a preacher?"

Romans 10:15: "And how shall they preach, except they" [The preachers] "be sent?” [See John 17:6-8, 14-20, Mark 16:14-15, Act 9:10-15, Act 10:34, 39-42 and 1 Corinthians 12:1, 7-8, 28] “as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!"

Romans 10:16: "But they” [The Jews and Gentiles] “have not all obeyed the gospel.” [See Hebrews 4:2 and 1 John 2:19] “For Esaias” [Isaiah] “saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?" Concerning Jesus Christ, see Isaiah chapter 53.

Romans 10:17: "So then faith” [In Christ] “cometh by hearing,” [The preachers of the gospel, see verse 15] “and hearing by the word of God." See John 1:12-13 and John 6:37, 44.

Romans 10:18: "But I say, Have they” [The Jews and Gentiles] “not heard? Yes verily, their” [The preachers (verse 15)] “sound” [The glad tidings] “went into all the earth, and their words” [The gospel of peace] “unto the ends of the world." See Matthew 24:13-14.

Romans 10:19: "But I” [Paul] “say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I” [The Most High] “will provoke you” [Israel] “to jealousy by them that are no people," [The Gentiles, see Romans 11:11] "and by a foolish nation [The believers in Christ, see John 10:16, Ephesians 2:13-22 and 1 Peter 2:9-10] “I will anger you." Israel, see Acts 13:46-50.

Romans 10:20: "But Esaias” [Isaiah 65:1] “is very bold, and saith, I” [The Most High] “was found of them” [The Gentiles, see Ephesians 3:6-7] “that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them” [The Gentiles] “that asked not after me."

Romans 10:21: "But to Israel” [See Isaiah 65:2] “he” [The Most High] “saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people."


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The Faith Of God In Christ



Message to reader: Romans 11:1-36

In Romans chapter 11, Paul continues to explain the mystery of the kingdom of heaven.

Paul explains (Romans 11:1-20), that during the time period of Christ and the disciples, the mystery of the kingdom of heaven was not for Paul’s kinsmen according to the flesh (The unbelieving Israelites). The unbelieving Israelites were blinded, and could not see and/or hear Christ. As a result, the unbelieving Israelites were graffed out of the nation of Israel, and salvation came unto the Gentiles; the believing Gentiles were graffed into the nation of Israel. During the aforementioned time period, those who understood and accepted Christ (Both Jews and Gentiles) were called (The election of grace”) and given that understanding from God (The Holy Ghost); God chose them before the creation of the world, they are his people, which he foreknew.

Additionally, Paul warns (Romans 11:21-28), and explains that in the end (during the time period of the signs of Christ’s second [2nd] coming) the Gentiles who did not continue in Christ would be cut off (graffed out of the nation of Israel) and a remnant of Israel (some of them that were graffed out) would return and be saved (graffed back into the nation of Israel). God’s mercy (Romans 11:29-36) is for all who believe, both Jews and Gentiles. 



Romans 11:1: "I” [Paul] “say then," [(Because of the disobedient and gainsaying people, see Romans 10:21)] "Hath God cast away his people?" [The Israelites] "God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin."

Romans 11:2: "God hath not cast away his people” [The Israelites] “which he foreknew." [See Romans 8:28-30 and Ephesians 1:4-5] "Wot ye not what the scripture saith of Elias?” [Elijah] “how he maketh intercession to God against Israel, saying,"

Romans 11:3: "Lord, they” [The Israelites (disobedient and gainsaying people)] “have killed thy prophets, and digged down thine altars; and I” [Elijah] “am left alone, and they seek my life."

Romans 11:4: "But what saith the answer of God unto him?” [Elijah] “I” [God] “have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to the image of Baal."

Romans 11:5: "Even so then" [Just like Elijah’s time period] "at this present time” [The time period of Christ and his disciples (The New Testament)] “also there is a remnant according to the election of grace." See John 1:11-13 and Acts 2:38-39, 41, 46-47.

Romans 11:6: "And if by grace,” [The gift of God/promise to Abraham/faith] “then is it no more of works:” [The keeping of the laws of Moses, see Romans 4:13-16 and Galatians 3:10-14] “otherwise grace is no more grace.” [The gift of God/promise to Abraham/faith] “But if it be of works,” [The keeping of the laws of Moses] “then is it no more grace: otherwise work” [The work of God] “is no more work." See John 6:28-29, John 5:17, John 17:4 and 1 John 3:23-24.

Romans 11:7: "What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for;” [See Romans 9:31-32] “but the election" [of grace, see verse 5] "hath obtained it,” [See John 1:11-13] “and the rest" [The disobedient, gainsaying, and unbelieving Israelites] "were blinded"

Romans 11:8: "(According as it is written, God hath given them” [The disobedient, gainsaying, and unbelieving Israelites/the children of the flesh, see Romans 9:3-4, 6, 8] “the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day." The time period of Paul’s letter. See Isaiah 6:9-10, Matthew 13:1-3, 10-17 and John 12:37-41

Romans 11:9: "And David saith, Let their” [The disobedient, gainsaying, and unbelieving Israelites/the children of the flesh's] “table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumbling block, and a recompence unto them:"  

Romans 11:10: "Let their” [The disobedient, gainsaying, and unbelieving Israelites/the children of the flesh's] “eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back alway." See Psalms 69:18-28.  

Romans 11:11: "I” [Paul] “say then, Have they” [The disobedient, gainsaying, and unbelieving Israelites/the children of the flesh] “stumbled” [At Christ, see Isaiah 8:14-15, Romans 9:32 and 1 Corinthians 1:23] “that they should fall? God forbid:” [See Luke 2:34] “but rather through their fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them” [The disobedient, gainsaying, and unbelieving Israelites/the children of the flesh] “to jealousy." See Deuteronomy 32:20-21, Romans 10:19-21, Acts 13:46-50 and 1 Peter 2:8-10.   

Romans 11:12: "Now if the fall of them” [The disobedient, gainsaying, and unbelieving Israelites/the children of the flesh] “be the riches of the world,” [See Acts 18:5-6] “and the diminishing of them” [The disobedient, gainsaying, and unbelieving Israelites/the children of the flesh, see Romans 9:7-8 and Matthew 21:42-45] “the riches of the Gentiles;” [See Ephesians 3:1-9 and Colossians 1:23-29] “how much more their” [Israel’s] “fulness?" See Luke 2:34 and verses 26.

Romans 11:13: "For I” [Paul] “speak to you Gentiles,” [The other nations (those who believed in Christ)] “inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office:" See Ephesians 3:7-12.

Romans 11:14: "If by any means I” [Paul] “may provoke to emulation them which are my flesh,” [See Romans 9:3-4, 6, 8] “and might save some of them."

Romans 11:15: "For if the casting away of them” [The disobedient, gainsaying, and unbelieving Israelites/the children of the flesh] “be the reconciling of the world,” [See verses 17 and Ephesians 2:13-18] “what shall the receiving of them” [The Israelites] “be, but life from the dead?" See verse 25-27, Daniel 12:2, John 5:26-29 and Isaiah 59:20-21.  

Romans 11:16: "For if the firstfruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches."  

Romans 11:17: "And if some of the branches be broken off," [The disobedient, gainsaying, and unbelieving Israelites/the children of the flesh, see verse 20 and Matthew 21:42-43] "and thou,” [The Gentiles] “being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them,” [The Israelites who believed in Christ] “and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;" See Ephesians 3:3-6.  

Romans 11:18: "Boast not against the branches.” [The Israelites] “But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee."  

Romans 11:19: "Thou” [The Gentiles] “wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be graffed in." See Romans 3:27.

Romans 11:20: "Well; because of unbelief they” [The branches (the disobedient, gainsaying, and unbelieving Israelites/the children of the flesh)] “were broken off, and thou” [The Gentiles (those who believed in Christ)] “standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear:"   

Romans 11:21: "For if God spared not the natural branches,” [The unbelieving Israelites/the children of the flesh] “take heed lest he also spare not thee." The Gentiles who do not continue in the faith of Christ.  

Romans 11:22: "Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell,” [The unbelieving Israelites/the branches broken off] severity; but toward thee,” [The Gentiles (those who believed in Christ)] goodness, if thou continue in his goodness" [See Romans 3:24] "otherwise thou” [The Gentiles who do not continue in the faith of Christ] “also shalt be cut off." See John 15:1-2, Hebrews 3:12-14 and Hebrews 6:4-6.  

Romans 11:23: "And they” [The unbelieving Israelites/branches broken off] “also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in: for God is able to graff them in again." Explained in verses 24-27

Romans 11:24: "For if thou” [The Gentiles] “wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good olive tree:" [See verse 17 and Ephesians 2:11-13] "how much more shall these,” [The unbelieving Israelites/branches broken off] “which be the natural branches, be graffed into their own olive tree?"

Romans 11:25: "For I” [Paul] “would not, brethren,” [The believers in Christ, see Luke 8:21] “that ye should be ignorant of this mystery,” [The mystery of the kingdom/Israel’s blindness, see John 12:37-41] “lest ye should be wise in your own conceits;” [See Proverbs 3:5] “that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in." See Isaiah 6:9-13.

Romans 11:26: "And so all Israel" [The believing Jews and Gentiles (The children of the Promise), see Romans 9:8] "shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer,” [Christ] “and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:"

Romans 11:27: "For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins." See Isaiah 59:17-21 and Hebrews 8:8-12.  

Romans 11:28: "As concerning the gospel, they” [The disobedient, gainsaying, and unbelieving Israelites] “are enemies for your” [The believers in Christ, both Jews and Gentiles] “sakes:” [See Matthew 5:10-12, Acts 13:49-50 and Acts 17:5-7] “but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers' sakes." See Ephesians 1:3-5.

Romans 11:29: "For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance."

Romans 11:30: "For as ye” [The Gentiles] “in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief:" See verse 11, 20.

Romans 11:31: "Even so have these” [See verses 17, 20] “also now not believed," [The time period of Christ and his disciples (The New Testament)] "that through your” [The Gentiles] “mercy they” [The unbelieving Israelites/branches broken off] “also may obtain mercy." See verse 23, 25 and Isaiah 6:9-13.

Romans 11:32: "For God hath concluded them" [The disobedient, gainsaying, and unbelieving Israelites/branches broken off, see verse 7] "all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all." See Romans 5:17-21, Acts 10:34-36 and Galatians 3:26-29.  

Romans 11:33: "O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!"  

Romans 11:34: "For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counseller?"  

Romans 11:35: "Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?"  

Romans 11:36: "For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen."


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